The understudied phenomenon of penalties

Reference list

Dalton, K., Guillon, M. and Naroo, S., 2015. An Analysis of Penalty Kicks in Elite Football Post 1997. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 10(5), pp.815-827.

Dicks, M., Button, C., & Davids, K. (2010). Availability of advance visual information 225 constrains association-football goalkeeping performance during penalty kicks. 226 Perception, 39(8), 1111-1124. doi:10.1068/p6442 227 

Dicks, M., Davids, K., & Button, C. (2010).  Individual differences in the visual control of 228 intercepting a penalty kick in association football. Human Movement Science, 29(3), 229 401-411. doi:10.1016/j.humov.2010.02.008 230

Furley, P., Dicks, M. and Jordet, G., 2020. The Psychology of Penalty Kicks. The Psychology of Soccer, pp.29-43.

Hunter, A. H., Murphy, S. C., Angilletta, M. J., Jr, & Wilson, R. S. (2018). Anticipating the Direction of Soccer Penalty Shots Depends on the Speed and Technique of the Kick. Sports (Basel, Switzerland), 6(3), 73.

Jones, Jason Ryan, “Soccer Penalty Kick Pre-Impact Cues of Male Right-Footed High School Soccer Players” (2010). Dissertations. 953.

Jordet, G., Hartman, E., Visscher, C., & Lemmink, K. A. (2007). Kicks from the penalty mark in soccer: the roles of stress, skill, and fatigue for kick outcomes. Journal of sports sciences, 25(2), 121–129.

Lees, A., & Owens, L. (2011). Early visual cues associated with a directional place kick in soccer. Sports biomechanics, 10(2), 125–134.

Moll, T., Jordet, G., & Pepping, G.-J. (2010). Emotional contagion in soccer penalty shootouts: Celebration of individual success is associated with ultimate team success. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28, 983–992. doi:10.1080/02640414.2010.484068

Kuper, S. and Szymanski, S. 2014. Soccernomics. New York: Harpercollins Publishers, p.142.

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. (2010, June 24). Left or right? Early clues to soccer penalty kicks revealed. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 23, 2021 from

Rhodes, J., May, J. & Booth, A. (2020). Penalty success in professional soccer: a randomised comparison between imagery methodologies. Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity, 15(1), 20200014.

Timmis, M. A., Turner, K., & van Paridon, K. N. (2014). Visual search strategies of soccer players executing a power vs. placement penalty kick. PloS one, 9(12), e115179.

van der Kamp, J. & Masters, R. S. W. (2008). The human Müller-Lyer illusion in goalkeeping. Perception, 37: 951-954.

Williams, A. M., & Burwirtz, L. (1993). En Science and Football II (editado por T. Reilly, J. Clarys y A. Stibbe). Londres: E & FN Spon, 239-244.

Williams, M., & Griffiths, I. W. (2002). A kinematic analysis of the prevalence of pre-impact cues in the football penalty kick. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20(1), 74-74.

3 thoughts on “The understudied phenomenon of penalties”

  1. Bro i learn from u, your site and acc is so important for me, and I prepare for something so i am not follow u for fun so plz keep your work available at least this site (sryy for my bad english btw)


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